Reflecting on the Importance of Water in Ancient Roman Gardens
Garden and Landscapes / History / Roman Empire / Uncategorized

Reflecting on the Importance of Water in Ancient Roman Gardens


“If you have a garden and a library, you have everything you need.” – Marcus Tullius Cicero In the dictionary, importance is an adjective describing something as having great significance. Water was of great significance to Roman Gardens. Ancient Romans viewed water not only as a necessity of life, but also as a thing of … Continue reading

Nineteenth Century High Victorian Gardens
Garden and Landscapes / History / International

Nineteenth Century High Victorian Gardens


The nineteenth century horticulture found in Europe is both vast and confusing. There was a significant leap in garden design and this created a long list of notable garden. This makes it difficult to select only a few to encompass all the developments in style, ideas and approaches that emerged during the era. Two particular styles comes to … Continue reading

The Crystal Palace: Home to the Great Exhibition of 1851
England / History / International

The Crystal Palace: Home to the Great Exhibition of 1851


Crystal Palace, Joseph Paxton, London, 1851 As I had discussed in my post concerning suspension bridges from the nineteenth century, new materials were starting to gain popularity amongst construction of the newer architectural designs. In London, architects experimented with the implementation of a structure made entirely of iron and glass – the Crystal Palace. It’s main function was to … Continue reading

Nineteenth Century Suspension Bridges
Development / History / Infrastructure / New York City

Nineteenth Century Suspension Bridges


During the nineteenth century there was a shift in materials used for construction; iron and concrete gained significant popularity. With these heavier materials and increased desire for functionalism, architects sought new advances to technology to support weight. The bridges of the time are the greatest remnants of their success. The iron suspension bridge was introduced in … Continue reading

Humphry Repton
England / Garden and Landscapes / History / International

Humphry Repton


Humphry Repton (1752 – 1818) was one of the last greatest English landscape designers of the eighteenth century. He mastered both his craft and self-promotion. Repton had several commissions of gardens and with his growing popularity, he had decided to publish a book of Sketches and Hints on Landscape Gardening in 1795. This book followed the layout … Continue reading

El Escorial. San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Spain.
Historic Preservation / History / International / Spain

El Escorial. San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Spain.


San Lorenzo de El Escorial is of great significance to Spanish Renaissance architecture. Located merely 45 kilometers from Madrid, some of the most trained spanish renaissance architects exercised their abilities to create a city fit for the King of Spain. El Escorial In present day El Escorial operates as a monastery, royal palace, museum and … Continue reading

Opposition to NYU 2031
Development / Historic Preservation / History / Landmark Preservation Committee / New York City

Opposition to NYU 2031


The Greenwich Village Society of Historic Preservation rallied at Silver Towers against New York University’s plan to expand it’s campus further into Greenwich Village. NYU plans to erect a 40-story, 400′ tower within architect I.M. Pei’s Silver Towers complex – which contains landmarked buildings. This would be the first step in a large scale plan for … Continue reading